Marketing budgets return to positive territory in Q4 2019

Q4 2019 Bellwether Report

Total marketing budgets increase for first time since Q1 2019 according to the latest IPA Bellwether Report.

There were fresh signs of optimism for UK marketing expenditure during the final quarter of 2019 according to the Q4 IPA Bellwether Report, published today (15 January 2020), with data showing modest growth for the first time since the start of 2019. This followed on from stagnant spending activity in the two previous quarters as uncertainty, client hesitancy and weak confidence led to a subdued business climate and delayed decision making.

A net balance of +4.0% of surveyed firms revised their total marketing budgets higher in the fourth quarter (up from -0.5% in the third quarter). This was the strongest expansion since the start of last year, albeit indicative of a modest increase. Approximately 23% of companies observed budget growth, while around 19% reported cuts, leaving the remaining 58% with an unchanged spending allocation.

The breakdown by Bellwether category showed that internet retained its status as top performer (net balance of +7.9% from +11.1%), while there was a fractional upward revision to main media advertising (+0.5% from 0.0%). All remaining segments recorded spending cuts, led by market research for a second successive quarter (-13.2% from -16.9%). Direct marketing (-7.7% from -7.0%), PR (-7.1% from -4.7%), sales promotions (-3.0% from -2.3%) and events (-1.1% from -5.9%) all continued to register downward budget revisions at the year end.

Budget plans 2020/21

According to the latest Bellwether survey, the preliminary outlook for marketing spending in the 2020/21 budgeting year appears promising. A net balance of +15.7% of companies expect their total marketing budgets to be upwardly revised, a significant improvement from the 2019/20 forecast (+3.4%).

The renewed wave of optimism follows on from a subdued year in 2019, when budgets were frozen amid high uncertainty and a weak economic climate. While a number of panellists still expressed concern towards the outcome of Brexit, others expect to see a bounce in business following the General Election and the subsequent alleviation of political uncertainty. A number of companies revealed extra motivation to release additional resources for marketing.

Breaking down into the monitored marketing categories revealed expectations of varying trends. Events marketing is expected to be the strongest area, with a net balance of +11.9% anticipating growth, while main media is also forecast to see moderate gains (net balance of +6.3%). Lastly, the final marketing segment predicted to see growth in the coming financial year is sales promotions (net balance of +2.0%).

A neutral outlook has been provisionally recorded for both direct marketing and PR (net balance of 0.0%), whereas market research and the “other” marketing activity category registered in negative territory (both -5.7%).

Own-company outlook turns positive

Trends between industry-wide and company-own financial prospects diverged in the final quarter, with the latter moving into positive territory during the latest Bellwether survey.

As has been the case since the end of 2014, panellists were pessimistic towards the financial prospects in their own industry. This was signalled by a negative net balance of -21.0%, reflecting a stubbornly elevated degree of pessimism. Nonetheless, this was a marginal movement upwards since the third quarter of 2019, where the net balance stood at -25.0%. Overall, over one-third (33.7%) of businesses felt downbeat, while 12.7% of surveyed firms reported an optimistic view.

In contrast, own-company financial prospects improved noticeably in the final quarter of 2019, with a net balance of +1.0% of firms anticipating growth in their business. This was the first time since the third quarter of 2018 that Bellwether panellists have been optimistic overall, and a notable upswing from the previous quarter, where a net balance of -9.4% of companies were downbeat on their financial prospects.

Adspend growth set to improve in 2020 and beyond

Looking towards the coming year, Bellwether believes that conditions for marketing spend have become notably more favourable. Robust preliminary budget plans for the 2020/21 period also reinforce this view. A key hindrance for the UK in recent times has been the lack of a government with a working majority. With this layer of uncertainty now removed following the General Election, panel comments suggest that businesses have become more inclined to invest and spend. As such, Bellwether predicts 2020 will be a stronger year than 2019 and it forecasts annual adspend growth of 1.8%.

There also appears to be a strong likelihood that the business cycle will kick on beyond 2020. As such, Bellwethers anticipate adspend growth to improve in 2021 (2.0%) and beyond (2.2% for 2022 and 3.1% for 2023).

Commenting on the latest survey:

Paul Bainsfair, Director General, IPA:

"This latest IPA Bellwether Report demonstrates the extent to which UK marketing budget planning has been at the mercy of the unstable political environment. Over the past year we have seen a stagnation in marketing budgets, culminating in a below zero score last quarter. And yet now, with the clear result of December’s General Election, we are seeing a return to positivity in terms of UK companies’ confidence regarding their own financial prospects and in terms of their budgeting plans – up marginally this quarter and significantly for 2020/21. With Brexit still looming, I’m sure it won’t be plain sailing, but these forecasts provide an upbeat outlook for the year ahead for UK plc, their marketers and of course the agencies that work with them to grow their businesses."

Joe Hayes, Economist at IHS Markit and author of the Bellwether Report:

"There were a number of positives to take from the fourth quarter Bellwether survey. The rise in total marketing budgets provides tentative signs of a momentum shift, particularly when coupled with preliminary data for the 2020/21 budget year. It appears that firms are looking to release the pent-up investment which has been put on hold amid the high degree of political and economic uncertainty which has plagued the UK business climate for well over 12 months now.

"Nevertheless, while these positive developments will perk up enthusiasm for marketing budgets in the coming year, downside risks to the outlook remain at large, particularly if a business cycle recovery does not fully materialise and Brexit uncertainty descends again."

See more Industry reaction to the Q4 2019 Bellwether Report.

For additional information, please purchase the full Q4 2019 report (£99+VAT for IPA members, £140+VAT for non-members) that also has content detailing threats and opportunities facing marketers and their companies over the coming 12 months. The report includes charts comparing business confidence amongst survey panellists to wider economic output, which depicts how views on financial prospects are a function of the current business environment. Annual subscription is available by contacting [email protected]

Purchase the Q4 2019 Bellwether Report
Last updated 01 May 2024